2015年12月28日星期一

脸上挂着古图腾的飞鸟 - Barbet 拟啄木鸟

Barbet 拟啄木鸟

“拟” 有擬態的意思。 擬態其中又有模仿的含義。擬啄木鳥某方面來說,它們在習性上,樣貌上都或多或少有模仿啄木鳥的樣子。形態上它們都有堅硬的鳥喙,習性方面都能在樹桐上戳洞 弄巢。但啄木鳥愛吃葷,而擬啄木鳥則偏愛果實。由於生態上有競爭性的存在,把對方雛鳥殺死的事件也時有所聞。。。擬啄木鳥叫聲響亮但略顯單調,是一直重複 的單音。別看它們身形豐滿,行動起來可是相當的敏捷。一般上都在很高的樹上呆着,加上身體都是青綠的保護色,想要發現它們還真是需要很好的眼力。想要觀賞 它們最好的時機是森林結果的季節,它們會落到果實樹上大快朵頤,只有在這一時刻,它們才不會介意在大眾面前露上一面。馬來西亞共有14種擬啄木鳥,其中包 括三種在東馬才會看見的特有種。

1.Coppersmith Barbet  (Megalaima haemacephala) 赤胸拟啄木鸟 15cm
2.Blue-eared Barbet (Megalaima australis) 蓝耳拟啄木鸟 17cm
3.Sooty barbet (Caloramphus hayii) 褐拟啄木鸟 18cm

4.Black-browed Barbet (Megalaima oorti) 黑眉拟啄木鸟 20cm
5.Yellow-crowned Barbet (Megalaima henricii) 黄冠拟啄木 21cm
6a.Red-throated Barbet (Megalaima mystacophanos) Male 丽色拟啄木鸟 23cm
6b.Red-throated Barbet (Megalaima mystacophanos) Female 丽色拟啄木鸟 23cm
7.Golden-throated Barbet (Megalaima franklinii) 金喉拟啄木鸟 23cm

8.Fire-tufted Barbet (Psilopogon pyrolophus) 火簇拟啄木鸟 28cm
9.Lineated Barbet (Megalaima lineata) 绿拟啄木鸟 29cm
 10 .Gold-whiskered Barbet (Megalaima chrysopogon) 金颊拟啄木鸟 30cm

11.Red-crowned Barbet (Megalaima rafflesii) 27cm

东马特有种

12.Mountain Barbet (Megalaima monticola) 
13.Golden-naped Barbet (Megalaima pulcherrima)
14.Bornean Barbet (Megalaima eximia)


2015年12月10日星期四

害羞的歌手们 Babbler

Babbler 在馬來西亞鳥類中是一個很大的家族,當中包括 Tree Babbler, Jungle Babbler,Wren Babbler, Tit Babbler,Shrike Babbler ,Scimitar Babbler 和 Rail Babbler在內共有39種。它們當中不乏歌唱能手,而且都是高音一族。一般上都會在比較幽暗的林道裡頭找到它們,但它們總是躲來躲去,平時很難一窺全貌,只有在沒人打擾的時候,才會落到地上覓食,所以想要拍張照片,還得從這方面好好利用才行。

Babblers

Chestnut-rumped Babbler (Stachyris maculata) 红腰穗鹛
 
Abbott's Babbler (Malacocincla abbotti) 阿氏雅鹛

Black-capped Babbler (Pellorneum capistratum) 黑冠幽鹛

Buff-breasted Babbler (Trichastoma tickelli) 棕胸雅鹛
 
Chestnut-winged Babbler (Stachyris erythroptera) 红翅穗鹛

Ferruginous Babbler (Trichastoma bicolor) 锈色鸦鹛

Golden Babbler (Stachyris chrysaea) 金头穗鹛

Grey-headed Babbler (Stachyris poliocephala) 灰头穗鹛

Grey-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigriceps) 黑头穗鹛

Moustached Babbler (Malacopteron magnirostre) 须树鹛

Puff-throated Babbler (Pellorneum ruficeps) 棕头幽鹛

Rufous-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron magnum)

Short-tailed Babbler (Malacocincla malaccensis) 短尾鹛

White-chested Babbler (Trichastoma rostratum) 白胸雅鹛

Black-throated Babbler (Stachyris nigricollis) 黑喉穗鹛


 Tit Babblers

Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler (Macronous ptilosus)

Pin-striped Tit-babbler (Macronous gularis) 纹胸巨鹛
 
Wren Babblers
 
Pygmy Wren-babbler (Pnoepyga pusilla)  小鳞鹪鹛

Streaked Wren-babbler (Napothera brevicaudata) 短尾鹪鹛


Shrike Babbler

White-browed Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius flaviscapis) 红翅鵙鹛

Black-eared Shrike-babbler (Pteruthius melanotis)  栗喉鵙鹛

Rail Babbler

Malaysia Rail-babbler (Eupetes macrocerus)  白眉长颈鸫



- Collared Babbler (Gampsorhynchus torquatus)
- Grey-breasted Babbler (Malacopteron albogulare)
- Horsfield's Babbler (Malacocincla sepiaria)
- Rufous-fronted Babbler (Stachyris rufifrons)
- Scaly-crowned Babbler (Malacopteron cinereum)
- Sooty-capped Babbler (Malacopteron affine)
- Temminck's Babbler (Pellorneum pyrrogenys)
- White-necked Babbler (Stachyris leucotis)



- Chestnut-backed Scimitar-babbler (Pomatorhinus montanus)
- Large Scimitar-babbler (Pomatorhinus hypoleucos)

- Black-throated Wren-Babbler (Napothera atricularis)
- Bornean Wren-Babbler (Ptilocichla leucogrammica)
- Eyebrowed Wren-babbler (Napothera epilepidota)
- Large Wren-babbler (Napothera macrodactyla)
- Marbled Wren-babbler (Napothera marmorata)
- Mountain Wren-Babbler (Napothera crassa)
- Striped Wren-babbler (Kenopia striata)

毕~