2017年5月30日星期二

家族系列 - 鹟 、王鹟 、歌鴝


Flycatcher 鶲

说到鶲鸟,大家会想到什么呢?是可爱、小巧玲珑、爱唱歌 还是它那
独特捕食模式呢?这次就让我们来简单的谈一下鹟鸟 - Flycatcher。

据网上的资料是这样形容的 : 大多数鹟的显着特点是嘴宽而扁平,
脚比较小。吃害虫,是益鸟。鸟儿体型不大,介于10至18厘米之间。
我国记录到的鹟类约有32种。当中部分为候鸟。大多数的鹟鸟会鸣唱,
尤其是蓝鹟类。

对我来说,鹟鸟的定点捕食法相当独特。如果你在远方看到一隻小不
点在枝头上鸣叫,突然间它飞了起来追逐猎物,但不管有没有抓到猎
物,飞一轮过后,它又会回到原来的枝头上停驻。如果你看到此类捕
猎方式的鸟儿,那它很可能是一隻鹟鸟。

鹟鸟的分布及生活环境相当广阔,低原,高山,靠海,红树林,城市都
有它们的踪影。由于某些鹟类的外型非常相似,所以在辨认上相当有
难度,尤其是蓝仙鹟类 Blue-flycatcher。 往往必须参考它们的生活环境
和鸣叫声来辨认其种类。

方尾鶲 Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) 13cm



灰鶲 、寬嘴鶲 Asian Brown Flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica) 13cm 迁鸟



乌鹟 Dark-sided Flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica) 13cm 迁鸟


棕尾褐鶲 Ferruginous Flycatcher (Muscicapa ferruginea) 13cm 迁鸟



綠背姬鶲  Green-backed Flycatcher (Ficedula elisae) 13.5cm 迁鸟



白眉姬鹟 Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) 13cm Male 迁鸟

白眉姬鹟 Yellow-rumped Flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) 13cm Female 迁鸟



鸲姬鹟 Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki) 13cm Male 迁鸟

鸲姬鹟 Mugimaki Flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki) 13cm Female 迁鸟



棕胸蓝姬鹟 Snowy-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula hyperythra) 12cm Male

棕胸蓝姬鹟 Snowy-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula hyperythra) 12cm Female



铜蓝鹟 Verditer Flycatcher (Eumyias thalassinus) 17cm


 
青仙鹟 Indigo Flycatcher (Eumyias indigo)



棕眉姬鹟 Rufous-browed Flycatcher (Ficedula solitaris) 13cm



小斑姬鹟 Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni) 12cm Male
小斑姬鹟 Little Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula westermanni) 12cm Female



 白眉林鹟 Eyebrowed Jungle Flycatcher (Rhinomyias gularis)



灰胸林鹟 Grey-chested Jungle-flycatcher (Rhinomyias umbratilis) 15cm


Blue - Flycatcher

纯蓝仙鹟 Pale Blue Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis unicolor) 18cm Male

纯蓝仙鹟 Pale Blue Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis unicolor) 18cm Female


 
山蓝仙鹟 Hill Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas) 15cm Male

山蓝仙鹟 Hill Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis banyumas) 15cm Female


 
梯氏仙鹟 Tickell's Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) 15cm Male

梯氏仙鹟 Tickell's Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) 15cm Female


 
藍喉仙鶲 Blue-throated Flycatcher (Cyornis rubeculoides) 15cm 迁鸟


  
红树蓝仙鹟 Mangrove Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) 15cm Male

红树蓝仙鹟 Mangrove Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) 15cm Female

红树蓝仙鹟 Mangrove Blue-flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) 15cm Juv



hybrid 混种蓝仙鹟  Mangrove Blue-flycatcher + Tickell's Blue-flycatcher


Niltava 大仙鶲

大仙鹟 Large Niltava (Niltava grandis) 22cm Male

大仙鹟 Large Niltava (Niltava grandis) 22cm Female



Rufous-vented Niltava (Niltava sumatrana) 15cm


Blue-and-white Flycatcher
Bornean Blue Flycatcher
Brown-streaked Flycatcher
Grey-streaked Flycatcher
Rufous-browed Flycatcher
Rufous-chested Flycatcher
Rufous-tailed Jungle Flycatcher
Taiga Flycatcher
White-tailed Flycatcher


Malaysian  Blue-flycatcher
Pygmy Blue-flycatcher
Large-billed Blue Flycatcher

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

迷思:

很多人都觉得 - 亚洲绶带 Asian paradise flycatcher黑枕王鶲 Black-naped Monarch
属于鹟科鸟类,但现代研究显示它们似乎不在同一类,也就是说鹟科和王鹟科有分别
。另一让人觉得混淆的是 藍歌鴝 Siberian Blue Robin, 它似乎属于鹟科类,但外形和
学名上又好像有点分别。


藍歌鴝  Siberian Blue Robin (Luscinia cyane) 15cm 迁鸟




黑枕王鶲 Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) 17cm Male

黑枕王鶲 Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea) 17cm Female



亚洲绶带 Asian Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) 21cm Male 部分迁鸟

亚洲绶带 Asian Paradise-flycatcher (Terpsiphone paradisi) 21cm Female 部分迁鸟



以上资料如有错误,欢迎留言更正。谢谢!

毕~





6 条评论: